Types of tanks used in industries

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Today, a wide variety of tanks are used in different industries, each of which is suitable for its own needs.

All kinds of tanks with different genders

Below I mention some common types of tanks in industries of different genders:

1. Metal tanks:

These types of tanks are made of metal and usually use stainless steel or aluminum. They can be used to store various liquids such as water, oil, chemicals, etc.

2. Plastic tanks:

These types of tanks are made of plastic materials, such as polyethylene, polypropylene and PVC. They are used to store chemicals, water, food and other liquids. Plastic tanks are very popular due to their light weight, corrosion resistance and low cost.

3. Cast iron tanks:

These types of tanks are made of cast iron and are used to store strong and explosive chemicals such as acids and alkalis. Cast iron is suitable for these types of applications due to its high corrosion resistance and high pressure tolerance.

4. Concrete tanks:

These types of tanks are made of concrete and are used to store water, sewage, chemicals and other liquids. Concrete tanks are used in various industries due to their high resistance to corrosion and the ability to be custom made.

5. Gas tanks:

These types of tanks are used to store gases such as natural gas, diesel and industrial gases. They are usually made of stainless steel and have safety systems to control gas pressure and volume. The co2 tank is one of the most used types of these tanks.

Each industry may require a specific type of tank.


Classification of tank types according to body type

In addition to the type of tanks, different bodies are also used to strengthen and protect the tanks. Below I mention some types of tank bodies:

1. Double-wall body:

In this type of body, two separate layers of metal or plastic are used, with an empty space between them. This space acts as thermal insulation and protection and can prevent leakage and corrosion.

2. Fiberglass body:

This type of body is made of glass fiber reinforced with resin. The fiberglass body has high resistance to corrosion, impact and heat and is used as a light and durable alternative to metal bodies.

3. Covered body:

In this type of body, a coating layer of plastic, resin or anti-corrosion material is placed on the surface of the tank. This coating acts as a protective layer and can protect against corrosion, chemical changes and environmental effects.

4. Fire resistant body:

Some tanks have fire-resistant bodies for industries that are at risk of fire. These bodies typically use materials such as stainless steel with a fireproof coating, ceramic, or fireproof materials.

5. Explosion-proof body:

In some industries that deal with explosive materials, bodies with anti-explosion properties are used. These bodies usually include safety systems such as cooling systems, water cooling systems or air cooling systems.

Note that the type of tank body depends on various factors such as liquid type, pressure, temperature, corrosion and specific industrial needs. In every industry and for every type of application, it is very important to choose the most suitable type of body based on environmental conditions and technical needs.

Types of tanks with special features

In addition to the body type, some tanks may have other features that are used for specific industries. Below are some of these features:

1. Pressure Vessels:

Pressure tanks are used to store liquids that require pressure. They usually have safety systems such as valves, heat sources and pressure control systems.

2. Cooling tanks:

In some industries that need to maintain the temperature of liquids, cooling tanks are used. These tanks have cooling systems such as water cooling systems or air cooling systems.

3. Mixer Tanks:

In some industries that need to mix materials, mixer tanks are used. These tanks have mixer systems such as vanes, agitators, and rotors that help combine and mix the materials.

4. Shipping tanks:

These types of tanks are used to transport liquids from one place to another. They usually have protection systems such as safety valves, locking systems and vibration absorption systems.

5. Underground tanks:

In some cases, tanks are built underground to store liquids. These tanks have anti-leak properties, resistant to soil pressure and protection against temperature changes.

6. Tanks with drainage systems:

Some tanks have drain systems that help drain liquids in a safe and controlled manner. These systems can include drain valves, pumps and control systems.

You should note that for each type of tank there may be specific standards and regulations that must be followed. These standards can include safety, environmental and quality standards.

Considering specific industrial needs and environmental conditions, choosing the most suitable type of tank and its features is very important. Also, in each industry and specific application, compliance with relevant standards and regulations is definitely necessary for safety and productivity


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Different types of tanks

Special equipment and systems of tanks

In addition to the body type and special features, tanks may have other equipment and systems that are used for better performance and greater safety. Below I mention some of these equipment and systems:

1. Fire protection systems:

Some tanks have fire protection systems that include sprinklers, fire extinguishing systems, automatic extinguishing systems, and fire alarm systems.

2. Measurement and control systems:

To monitor and control the liquids inside the tanks, measurement and control systems such as sensors, transmitters, test equipment and control tools are used.

3. Ventilation systems:

Some tanks have ventilation systems that help with proper ventilation inside the tank and temperature and humidity control. These systems include ventilation fans, heating and cooling air.

4. Flow and transmission systems:

Flow and transfer systems such as pumps, pipes, valves and strainers are used to move and transfer liquids in tanks.

5. Drainage and recycling systems:

Some tanks have drain and recycle systems that help drain liquids safely and recover usable materials. These systems include drain valves, pumps, filtration systems and recycling systems.

6. Heating and cooling systems:

Some tanks have heating and cooling systems that help maintain the temperature of the liquids inside the tank in the required conditions. These systems include water cooling systems, air cooling systems, electric heating systems and heat flow systems.

Also, in certain industries such as chemical, oil and gas, food and pharmaceutical industries, other special systems may also be used in tanks. These systems can include separation systems, purification systems, electrical disturbance systems, and pressure transfer systems.

According to the type of industry and application of the tank, suitable equipment and systems should be selected to achieve better performance, greater safety and better productivity. Also, it is very important to comply with relevant standards and regulations in installing and using these equipments and systems.


New tanks with advanced technologies

In addition to the mentioned equipment and systems, some tanks may have more advanced features and technologies that improve their performance and efficiency. Below I mention some of these features and technologies:

1. Smart tanks:

Using sensors, communication networks and advanced software, smart tanks are able to collect data, monitor and control tank performance. These technologies contribute to higher productivity, reducing errors and increasing safety.

2. Self-regulating reservoirs:

Some tanks have self-adjusting systems that help to automatically adapt to different environmental conditions and external factors. These systems can include self-regulating pressure, temperature and level systems.

3. Tanks with new anti-rust methods:

Some tanks increase their resistance to corrosion and rust by using new and advanced methods such as electrochemical anti-rust methods, corrosion-resistant coating methods, and nanostructure coating methods.

4. Tanks with intelligent drainage systems:

Some tanks have smart drain systems that help in precise and controlled draining of liquids. These systems can include smart drain valves, automatic drain systems and drain control systems.

5. Tanks with intelligent leak detection systems:

Some tanks have intelligent leak detection systems that help in early detection and prevention of liquid leaks. These systems can include leak sensors, leak notification systems, and power cut-off systems.

6. Reservoirs with renewable energy systems:

In some cases, tanks are equipped with renewable energy systems such as solar panels or wind turbines. These systems help provide energy for tank operation and reduce the use of non-renewable energy sources.

The development of advanced technologies and features in the design and construction of tanks facilitates the improvement of their performance, safety and productivity. According to specific industrial needs and requirements, it is very important to choose the most appropriate technologies and features for the desired tank.

Technologies and advanced features of other tanks

It is very important to comply with relevant standards and regulations in the installation and use of advanced technologies and features in tanks. In the following, I will mention some other technologies and features that are used in tanks:

1. Smart monitoring and control systems:

These systems are able to monitor and control the operation of the tank by using sensors, software and smart algorithms. They can collect information such as pressure, temperature, level and flow and automatically make the necessary changes.

2. Industrial automation systems:

Industrial automation in tanks can help improve the efficiency and accuracy of operations. Using PLC (programmable logic controller) and SCADA (supervision, control and industrial automation) systems, tanks can operate automatically and improve production processes.

3. Networked intelligent systems:

Using network technologies, tanks can be connected to each other and to central systems. These network connections enable centralized monitoring and control and share real-time information.

4. Intelligent risk prevention systems:

Some tanks have intelligent risk prevention systems that use algorithms and sensors to detect potential risks and take necessary measures to prevent them from occurring. For example, intelligent hazard prevention systems can trigger a fire alarm and initiate emergency measures if a leak or overpressure is detected.

5. Quality control and purification systems:

Some tanks have purification systems and liquid quality regulation. These systems can include filters, separators, biological treatment systems and pH adjustment systems. They help maintain the quality of liquids in the tank and prevent contamination and undesirable changes.

6. Intelligent energy systems:

Smart energy systems are systems that help improve energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption by using new technologies and artificial intelligence. These systems can be used in different reservoirs such as houses, buildings, cities and industries.

One of the main applications of intelligent energy systems is the intelligent management of energy consumption. These systems collect energy consumption information using sensors and measuring devices and optimize energy consumption by analyzing data and intelligent algorithms. For example, smart energy systems can automatically adjust lighting and temperature in homes and optimize air conditioning systems in buildings.

Smart energy systems can also utilize renewable energy sources such as solar and wind. Using sensors and solar tracking systems, smart energy systems can automatically position solar panels in the optimal direction and increase energy production efficiency. Also, by using weather forecasting and smart algorithms, intelligent energy systems can optimize energy production based on weather conditions and energy demand.

In general, intelligent energy systems help to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption by using new technologies and artificial intelligence. These systems can be effective in saving energy costs, preserving the environment and creating sustainable systems.

7. Mechanical Information Systems (MIS):

Mechanical information systems are used in reservoirs to collect, store, and analyze information about reservoir performance and condition. These systems can include software, sensors, measuring devices and reporting systems.

8. Intelligent systems under pressure:

Some tanks have intelligent pressurized systems that help control and manage the internal pressure of the tank. These systems can include sensors, automatic valves and pressure control systems.

9. Intelligent environmental protection systems:

Some reservoirs have intelligent environmental protection systems that help reduce pollution and negative impacts on the environment. These systems can include separation systems, recycling systems, and pollutant control systems.

10. Intelligent maintenance systems:

Some tanks have intelligent maintenance systems that help detect errors, prevent breakdowns, and optimize maintenance planning. These systems can include sensors, fault detection algorithms and intelligent maintenance systems.

11. Intelligent security systems:

Some repositories have smart security systems that help protect the repositories from unauthorized access, theft, and security threats. These systems can include CCTV cameras, burglar alarm systems and access control systems.

12. Intelligent warehouse management systems:

Some warehouses have intelligent warehouse management systems that help optimize inventory management, product tracking, and supply planning. These systems can include software, automatic labeling and intelligent product recognition systems.

Advanced technologies and features in tanks facilitate their improved performance, safety and efficiency. By using these technologies, tanks are able to provide better performance, reduce risks and costs, higher productivity and preserve the environment.


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